This question may be the most intricate that I had ever asked myself. Most people think it’s very obvious and easy to answer this question, “It has a lot of working opportunities”, says my friend, but why? How? When? Let’s find it out…
Nowadays São Paulo is one of the most important centers of economy in Latin America, according to IBGE ( Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatísticas), and what disturbs me most is knowing that when São Paulo was “created” to be a “ trade center”, most ships trading happened there.
São Paulo was not created to be a city, but a town, outpost, but as time passed by, the Portuguese explorers discovered that São Paulo rivers could be a center of naval trade ship and worship. In 1711, São Paulo was considered a city, not a town anymore, but it was still the head-quarter of Portuguese expeditions for minerals and native Indians, they were used to be slaves, or sold in Europe.
The beginning of the urbanization of São Paulo happened when 2 new streets were inaugurated (Líbero Baradó and Florêncio de Abreu). In 1825, the first public park of São Paulo (today known as jardim da luz) was launched, these actions showed that people started to care about São Paulo’s urban development.
In the beginning of the XIX century, with the independence of Brazil, São Paulo started being inverted to be the centre of an academy of layers, getting mixed into the center of political and intellectual activities. Following these changed, São Paulo started constructing schools, creating newspapers, books and increasing cultural activities.
In the end of the XIX century, the city started to go through deep economical and social changes, when the big farms of coffee started expanding new areas of São Paulo(note that, at that time, coffee tycoons influences SP’s economy very much), more facts were happening, such as the construction of the first railroad ( Santos – Jundiaí ) in 1867, and European immigrants started to come to São Paulo by ships from Span, Italy and Portugal. And lots of migrants from the northeast and Notrh started to come for working opportunities. In 1895 São Paulo had 130 thousand habitants ( take in fact that 71 thousand were foreign! And 239820 in 1900!). In this period, the urban city had already explored the limit of what it should be. Om 10-1 the first trolleys lines appeared, reservatories of water an gas ilumitation too. Bras and Lapa were transformed into working streets, where all factories and industries were located.
It’s important to remember that in this time, Paulista avenue (1891) and Estação do Chá (1892) were constructed, but in my opinion, the São Paulo railway, today called Estação da Luz, is the most important construction that ever happened. Why?
My conclusion is that my hypothesis were right, past affects future, São Paulo is te most productive city in terms of economy nowadays, as people come here for working and studying, it’s getting more and more known as the city of work.
By D Chacur
over 5 years ago