Lists about this place
- - Sydney's Two-hat and Three-hat restaurants 2007
- - Sydney Neighborhoods
- - Travel + Leisure Magazine's Top 10 Cities in the World, 2005
- - 2006 Quality of Living Survey Most Livable Cities
- - The World's Largest Metropolitan Areas
- - Old Cities and Interesting Architecture
- - Capital Cities of Australia
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Sydney is the largest city in Australia, and the state capital of New South Wales. It has an area of approximately 12,000 square kilometers and a metropolitan area population of approximately 4.34 million. Sydney is often called “the Harbour City”. It is one of the most multicultural cities in the world, reflecting that it is that major destination for immigrants to Australia. The metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks, and contains many bays, rivers and inlets.
The city has a temperate climate with warm summers and cool winters, and rainfall spread throughout the year. The weather is moderated by proximity to the ocean, and more extreme temperatures are recorded in the inland western suburbs.
Sydney’s central business district (CBD) extends southwards for about 3 kilometres from Sydney Cove to the area around Central station. The Sydney CBD is bounded on the east side by a chain of parkland, and the west by Darling Harbour, a tourist and nightlife precinct.
The largest economic sectors in Sydney, as measured by the number of people employed, include property and business services, retail, manufacturing, and health and community services. Since the 1980s, jobs have moved from manufacturing to the services and information sectors. Sydney provides approximately 25 percent of the country’s total GDP.
The site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip, commodore of the First Fleet. The city is built on hills surrounding Sydney Harbour (an inlet of the Tasman Sea on Australia’s south-east coast). The city is home to many prominent parks, such as Hyde Park, Royal Botanical Gardens and national parks. This is a major factor, that has led to the city’s reputation as one of the most beautiful in the world.
Sydney has a wide variety of cultural institutions. Sydney’s iconic Opera House has five halls, including a large concert hall and opera and drama theatres; it is the home of Opera Australia—the third-busiest opera company in the world, and the Sydney Symphony. Other venues include the Sydney Town Hall, City Recital Hall, the State Theatre, the Theatre Royal, Sydney, the Sydney Theatre and the Wharf Theatre.
The Sydney Dance Company was under the leadership of Graeme Murphy during the late 20th century. The Sydney Theatre Company has a regular roster of local plays, such as noted playwright David Williamson, classics and international playwrights.
In the year ending March 2008, Sydney received 2.7 million international visitors. The most well-known attractions include the Sydney Opera House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Other attractions include Royal Botanical Gardens, Luna Park, some 40 beaches and Sydney Tower. Sydney also has several popular museums such as, the Australian Museum (natural history and anthropology), the Powerhouse Museum (science, technology and design), the Art Gallery of New South Wales, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Australian National Maritime Museum.
Most Sydney residents travel by car through the system of roads and motorways. The most important trunk routes in the urban area are the nine Metroads, which include the 110 km (68 mi) Sydney Orbital Network. Sydney is also served by extensive train, taxi, bus and ferry networks.
How you can see Sydney is a much visited city and has many places you can visit. A very touristic place, and is very beautiful. over 3 years ago
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Activities in Sydney
Australia's most popular jet boating adventure, blasting off from Circular Quay at Sydney Harbour every hour, every day. $53.11
Experience Sydney Harbour and the Opera on this eight-hour package. You'll take a guided tour of the Sydney Opera House, cruise Sydney Harbour while dining on a two-course meal, and enjoy a world-class opera performance at the Sydney Opera House. $262.88
Want to learn how to surf? Where could be better than Sydney, the heart of Australia's surfing culture. For a great, fun-filled introduction to surfing, take this full-day tour to a beach just 45 minutes south of Sydney, where you'll learn all the basi... $69.92
Soak up the atmosphere on a walking tour of Sydney through the vibrant and famous Kings Cross, Australia's red light capital. Uncover Kings Cross speckled history of fame, fortunes, murders, drug-obsessions, mysteries, crimes and romances. If you're lo... $35.40
Treat yourself to the absolute highlights of Sydney's famous Northern Beaches on this 30-minute seaplane flight. Fly over Sydney's famous Northern Beaches all the way to Palm Beach and then back over Pittwater to Sydney Harbour! On your return witness ... $225.70See All Activities »